Monday, February 23, 2009
Researchers see atom power as a future solution to the problem of developing high efficiently and relatively low cost alternative energy to suit the growing energetic demands of the population on earth. With the scarce resources that we have, the atom power is infinite and it is generated from one single, tiny atom.
Power plants based on nuclear powers are "clean-burning" and the efficiency with which they convert energy is staggering. With almost eighty percent conversion rate, this means that the produced energy gives a high level quality and fewer energy is lost on the way during production. Nuclear fission does not create too much waste, even though every producing energy produces some quantity of residue of some time. Environmentalists might have a thing to argue against nuclear power, because the radioactive residue and gases need to be stored in some places and disposed of in the safest way possible.
Radiation coming from the residual gases can pertain for very large amounts of time, therefore it needs to be contained, stored and safely deposited forever. Nonetheless, while some residual gases are produced in nuclear plants, the amount does not compare with greenhouses gases produced by cars, factories and mankind in general, which contain nitrous oxide, a serious pollutant of the air and atmosphere. Radiation may be the more deadly among the two types of waste materials, but it is also far easier to contain and then store it in some place where it can have no effect on the atmosphere. Even though environmentalists always raise their brows when talking about nuclear power, this ‘alternative energy’ is fairly environmental friendly if one contains and stores safely the residues. Therefore, as long as people keep track of the regulations they have to follow when dealing with nuclear power, technically speaking no harmful effects should be seen. Because there is a low waste material volume, the residues do not necessitate too much of a space and could be easily contained, once technological advances start digging deeper into the domain.
Once an atom is split into two, energy of that separation is released, taking the form of heat or high. Power plants have the ability to control the process of fission so that the atoms don’t split at an alarming rate and create such an incredulous amount of energy that cannot be contained anymore. Therefore, one needs to carefully restrict the process and keep it under control at all costs. Specialized conditions ensure that no atomic plant will ever explode as an atomic bomb, but the risks remain elevated, thus emphasizing the need for safety. Meltdown occurs rarely but the event has actually happened at some times. One needs to take into consideration as well the fact that worldwide there are about four hundred thirty nuclear plants across thirty three nations. Nuclear power has been in use in the fifties and few accidents have happened from that date to now.
Events or incidents on nuclear plants are fairly rare but if they do occur, they can be fairly catastrophic. Therefore, it is important to keep in mind the need to have all materials and equipment updated, since incidents occur mainly because the equipment was faulty or out of date. Another thing to ensure would be that the materials are stored properly and under no conditions, allow leakages into the atmosphere or near human societies. For the time being, in the US, there are six states which create more than fifty percent of the energetic power they need throughout nuclear power and nobody does spread any horror stories regarding the nuclear plants that exist there. In fact, there will be constantly reporting problems from those nuclear plants.
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